Indications for referral

  • Patients with moderate-to-severe valve disease or diagnostic or management dilemmas
  • High-risk surgical candidates who may benefit from a transcatheter or minimally invasive surgical approach
  • Patients requiring simultaneous valve surgery and a MAZE procedure for atrial fibrillation
  • Patients requiring simultaneous aortic valve replacement and aortic reconstruction
  • Patients requiring mitral valve repair